The ethics of permaculture design
Old Billy M. lists the ethical basis of permaculture as;
1. Care of the Earth: Provision for all life systems to continue and multiply.
2. Care of people: Provision for people to access those resources necessary to their existence.
3. Setting limits to population and consumption: By governing our own needs, we can set resources aside to further the above principles.
However these ethics are more often referred to as
Earth care - People care - Fair share
(as its a bit more catchy)
The principles of permaculture design
Each principle is often represented by an image
The following are the principles most often followed, as laid out by David Holmgren.
- Observe and interact
- Catch and store energy
- Obtain a yield
- Apply self-regulation and accept feedback
- Use and value renewable resources and services
- Produce no waste
- Design from patterns to details
- Integrate rather than segregate
- Use small and slow solutions
- Use and value diversity
- Use edges and value the marginal
- Creatively use and respond to change